Information on Common Injuries and Conditions


Spinal Disc

Disc Bulge / Herniation / Sequestration

Disc consists of soft, gelatinous center 'nucleus' contained by concentric rings of resilient, fibrous tissue 'annulus' anchored strongly to endplates of vertebral bodies...

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Shoulder Separation

Shoulder Separation

Acromioclavicular (AC) joint between clavicle (collar bone) and scapula (shoulder blade) is a fibrous union and is stabilized by strong ligaments. Shoulder Separation is defined according to three grades ...

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Shoulder Dislocation

Shoulder Dislocation

Shoulder girdle (upper arm, shoulder blade or 'scapula', and collarbone), most mobile 'functional unit' in body, comprised of a number of articulations (joints): scapula-upper arm, scapula-rib cage, scapula-collarbone, sternum-collarbone, spine-ribs, and spinal articulations of neck and upper back ...

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Rotary Cuff

Rotator Cuff Tendonitis / Tendonopathy / Impingement

Rotator Cuff comprised of four muscles acting together with larger shoulder muscles to power movement of arm, each in specific directions (shoulder is most complex functional unit in body and permits extensive, multidimensional range of motion) and to provide dynamic shoulder joint stability by way of soft tissue versus bony support (very shallow socket): ...

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Frozen Shoulder

Frozen Shoulder / Adhesive Capsulitis

The shoulder girdle is most mobile 'functional unit' in body; comprised of a number of articulations (joints) including glenohumeral (scapula-upper arm), scapulothoracic (scapula-rib cage), acromioclavicular (scapula-collarbone), sternoclavicular (sternum-collarbone), spinal articulations with ribs and of neck and upper back. All articulations of shoulder functional unit must be able to move and do so in a coordinated manner to permit full dynamic range of motion of arm...

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Tennis Elbow

Tennis Elbow / Lateral Epicondylitis / Extensor Tendonopathy

Lateral epicondyle is very focal point of insertion of wrist, hand, and finger extensor muscles (non-contractile tendons couple muscles to bone) concentrating stresses of contraction of these muscles at this small area with use of hand...

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Mechanical LBP

Mechanical Low Back Pain

Mechanical low back pain is clinically complex and multifactorial condition which represents 85% of all cases of low back pain...

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Hip Joint

OA Hip (Osteoarthritis of Hip)

Hip Joint is ball and socket joint, the bone surfaces covered with resilient articular cartilage lubricated and nourished by synovial fluid (produced within hip joint)...

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Iliotibial Band

Iliotibial Band Syndrome

Iliotibial Band (ITB): band of connective tissue, located on lateral (outer) side of upper leg, crosses knee and attaches to tibia (bone of lower leg) just below knee...

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Knee Joint

OA Knee (Osteoarthritis of Knee)

Joint most prone to injury due to location between two long bones (femur and tibia) over which body weight moves...

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Knee (Patellofemoral Articulation)

Patellofemoral Pain / Chondromalacia

Patella (kneecap) acts as pulley system for quadriceps muscle action over knee; makes contact with and moves over groove in femur (thigh bone) at knee...

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acl

ACL Tear

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) and Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) act together as major stabilizers of knee...

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Ankle Joint

Ankle Sprain

Ankle mortise consists of talus bone rocking between ends, or 'malleoli', of tibia (major weight bearing bone of lower leg) and fibula (slender 'strut' or outrigger bone of lower leg). Anterior talofibular ligment is most commonly injured ankle ligament due to anatomical configuration of bones at ankle...

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Achillies

Achilles Tendonitis / Tendonopathy

Achilles Tendon is the thickest tendon that attaches the calf muscles to the heel bone; covered by sheath that lubricates the tendon...

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Plantar Fascia

Plantar Fasciitis / Fasciopathy

Fascia supports arch of foot (normal functions of arch involve efficient distribution of load and propulsive forces) and is made up of tissue known as collagen; as we get older collagen is less elastic and more prone to tearing...

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